Increasing photovoltaic panel power through water cooling technique

Calebe Abrenhosa Matias, Licínio M. Santos, Aylton J. Alves, Wesley P. Calixto

Abstract


This paper presents the development of a cooling apparatus using water in a commercial photovoltaic panel in order to analyze the increased efficiency through decreased operating temperature. The system enables the application of reuse water flow, at ambient temperature, on the front surface of PV panel and is composed of an inclined plane support, a perforated aluminum profile and a water gutter. A luminaire was specially developed to simulate the solar radiation over the module under test in a closed room, free from the influence of external climatic conditions, to carry out the repetition of the experiment in controlled situations. The panel was submitted to different rates of water flow. The best water flow rate was of 0.6 L/min and net energy of 77.41Wh. Gain of 22.69% compared to the panel without the cooling system.


Keywords


photovoltaic panel; water cooling; increasing of the electrical performance; efficiency increase

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22149/teee.v2i1.90

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